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UN Spec Descriptions (view)

UN Closure Instructions (view)

The Dangers of Scrapping HazMat Containers (view)

Hazardous Materials Packagings (view)

Definition of a Salvage Drum (wiki)
A Salvage Drum is an outer container used for shipping a leaking, damaged or non-compliant drum containing hazardous materials. Originally designed to be greater than, or equal to, the construction and performance specifics of an inner container, the Performance Oriented Packaging Standards (POPS) of the US Department of Transportation requirement was that the Salvage Drum be at least a 'Z' (Packing Group III) solids container. Convinced that this was not an acceptable test for a Salvage Drum, on January 1, 1998, the 'T' Salvage Drum (1A2T) became the UN recommended salvage packaging for international shipments. The US-DOT, per 49 CFR 173.3, also recognizes the 'T' Salvage Drum for shipments within the US. Unlike the original 49 CFR Salvage Drum requirement, the 'T' Salvage Drum is most commonly an 85 US gallon capacity steel drum that meets UN Model Regulations test requirement, which specifies that when filled with water, the drum can qualify for Packing Group II and be dropped 1.2 meters (4 feet) on its' most critical orientation, and not leak. In addition, the drum must successfully pass a 30 kPa Leakproofness Test. Both tests are very severe for an open-head steel container. This testing illustrates the extreme capabilities of the 'T' Salvage Drum when used for the safe recovery of hazardous materials in transportation.

Government & Industry Links

Department of Transportation
Office of Haz Mat Safety
Hazardous Cargo Magazine
Federal Register & CFR

Industry Associations Links

Reusable Industrial Packaging Association (RIPA)
RIPA promotes the safe, efficient and environmentally responsible design, manufacturing, collection, reconditioning, remanufacturing and reuse of industrial packaging. This includes preparation for recycling at the end of its useful life.
Chemical Packaging Committee (CPC of IoPP)
The CPC meets an industry need to keep abreast of packaging changes and concepts, government regulations, and provide technical information to technical personnel in the chemical manufacturing and packaging industry.
International Standards Organization (ISO)
The ISO promotes the development of standardization and related activities in the world with a view to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services, and to developing cooperation in the spheres of intellectual, scientific, technological and economic activity.
Steel Shipping Container Institute (SSCI)
SSCI is an actively engaged association representing the steel shipping container industry before state and local agencies, and the U.S. Congress. Through the SSCI's Technical Projects and Government Affairs Committees, the Institute carries on a continuing dialogue with the individuals who craft the legislation and regulations that impact the manufacture, testing and use of steel shipping containers.

Q: What do the letters and numbers on the U.N. birthmark mean?

A:  For example- UN 1A1/Y1.4/150/00/USA/XXXX:


United Nations
Steel, Tight Head Drum
Mid Level Hazardous (Packaging Group)
Specific Gravity of The Liquid Contents
Test Pressure Drum Has Passed (In Kilo Pascals)
Year Drum Was Manufactured
Country Drum was Made In
Name of Drum Manufacture